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  1. Flecknell, P.A., Roughan, J. and Stewart, R. (1999).
    A comparison of the effects of oral or subcutaneous carprofen or ketoprofen following laparotomy in the rat. The Veterinary Record 144, 65-67.

  2. Giamberardino, M.A., Valente, R., Debigontina, A.P. and , L. (1995).
    Artificial urethral alculosis in rats - behavioral characterization of visceral pain episodes and their relationship with referred lumbar muscle hyperalgesia. Pain 61, 459-469.

  3. Gonzalez, M.I., Field, M.J., Bramwell, S., McCleary, S. and Singh, L. (2000).
    Ovariohysterectomy in the rat: a model of surgical pain for evaluation of pre-emptive analgesia? Pain 88, 79-88.

  4. Moloney V., Kent, J.E. and McKendrick, I.J. (2002).
    Validation of a method for assessment of an acute pain in lambs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 76, 215-238.

  5. Morgan, D., Cook, C.D., and Picker, M.J. (1999).
    Sensitivity to the discriminative stimulus and antinociceptive effects of µ opioids: Role of strain of rat, stimulus intensity, and intrinsic efficacy at the µ opioid receptor. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 289(2), 965-975.

  6. Richardson, C.A., and Flecknell, P.A. (2005).
    Anaesthesia and post-operative analgesia following experimental surgery in laboratory rodents – are we making progress? Alternatives to Laboratory Animals 33, 119-127

  7. Roughan, J.V. and Flecknell, P.A. (2001).
    Behavioural effects of laparotomy and analgesic effects of ketoprofen and carprofen in rats. Pain 90, (1-2) 65-74.

  8. Roughan, J.V. and Flecknell, P.A. (2003).
    Evaluation of a short-duration behaviour-based post-operative pain scoring system in rats. European Journal of Pain 7, 397-406.

  9. Toutain, P.L., Cester, C.C., Haak, T. and Laroute, V. (2001).
    A pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic approach vs. a dose titration for the determination of a dosage regimen: the case of nimesulide, a Cox-2 selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug in the dog. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 24, 43-55.

  10. Flecknell, P.A. and Waterman-Pearson, A. (eds) (2000).
    Pain Management in Animals. Harcourt International, London.

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